2024-25 Federal Budget Summary for you

The Federal Treasurer, the Hon Dr Jim Chalmers MP, has delivered his third Federal Budget. 

Note: These changes are proposals only and may or may not be made law. You should speak to your financial adviser to understand more about how these proposals could apply to you.

Highlights include:

  • Revised Stage 3 tax cuts will deliver tax savings from 1 July 2024.
  • Energy bill relief will provide savings of up to $300 for all households and $325 for eligible small businesses. 
  • The $20,000 instant asset write-off threshold for eligible small businesses will be extended for another 12 months until 30 June 2025.
  • Superannuation Guarantee will be paid on Paid Parental Leave from 1 July 2025.
  • The freeze on social security deeming rates for financial investments will be extended until 30 June 2025.
  • The maximum Commonwealth Rent Assistance will be increased by 10%.
  • Further housing assistance.
  • Strengthening tax compliance and counter-fraud activities.
  • Establishing a single front door for major investors in Australia.
  • Further aged care funding and increased flexibility for Carer Payments.


Cost of Living

 financial adviser to understand more about how these proposals could apply to you.

Energy bill relief. All Australian households will receive an energy rebate of $300 and eligible small businesses will receive $325 from 1 July. It is not yet known exactly when rebates will be applied to accounts.

Student debt indexation changes: Higher Education Loan Program (HELP) loan holders will benefit from changes to indexation, with debts to be increased by the lower of inflation and wages growth. Currently, these debts are indexed to inflation annually on 1 June. The change will be backdated to 1 July 2023 and an ‘indexation credit’ may be provided to reduce outstanding loan balances. To estimate indexation credits, check out this HELP Indexation Credit Estimator. If a voluntary payment is made to reduce the HELP balance and any indexation, it is important to leave enough time after the payment is made for it to be processed by the ATO. The ATO usually release payment cut-off dates and publish this on their website.

Freeze on cost of PBS medicines: The maximum Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) co-payment of $7.70 will be frozen for pensioners and Commonwealth concession cardholders until 31 December 2029. For all other Medicare card holders, the co-payment of $31.60 is frozen until 1 January 2026. The co-payment is the amount that must be contributed towards the cost of PBS subsidised medicines.


Tax cuts for all taxpayers: From 1 July, 13.6 million taxpayers will pay less tax compared to the current financial year, when the re-worked Stage 3 tax cuts take effect. The tax savings depend on taxable income and can be estimated using this Tax cuts calculator. The table below outlines the new rates and thresholds from 1 July 2024, as well as the current financial year. The tax cuts aim to provide cost-of-living relief, but may also be used to reduce debt, invest or top-up super.

The stage 3 personal income tax changes could provide a reduction in personal income tax for clients. As a result, leading up to 1 July 2024, it may be worthwhile to review your situation in preparing for any increase in disposable income. The following table outlines the reduction in personal income tax, excluding Medicare Levy and tax offsets, on specific income amounts.

Increasing the Medicare levy low-income thresholds: The Government has increased the Medicare levy low-income thresholds for singles, families, and seniors and pensioners from 1 July 2023 to provide cost-of-living relief. The increase to the thresholds ensures that low-income individuals continue to be exempt from paying the Medicare levy or pay a reduced levy rate.


Super on Paid Parental Leave: Superannuation Guarantee contributions will be paid to all recipients of Government-funded Paid Parental Leave from 1 July 2025. Contributions will be at the same rate as employer contributions under the Superannuation Guarantee, which will be 12% from 1 July 2025.

Social Security and aged care

Deeming rates to stay frozen in 2024/25: The ‘deeming rates’ that are used to assess income from financial investments (such as bank accounts, shares, and managed funds) will remain unchanged until 30 June 2025. Instead of assessing actual investment and bank account earnings, the deeming rates are used to determine the income that certain financial investments earn for the purpose of calculating entitlements to certain payments and benefits. This may benefit Age Pensioners, other income support recipients and concession card holders.

Comment: The extension to the deeming rate freeze for a further 12 months applies to all Centrelink and Department of Veterans Affairs income support recipients, as well as concession card holders such as the Commonwealth Seniors Health Card and Low-Income Health Care Card. If the deeming rate freeze had ended on 30 June 2024, many social security recipients would have seen substantial reductions in their rates of payment. For example, if deeming rates had increased to 4% and 6%, a single Age Pensioner homeowner with $300,000 in financial investments would have seen a reduction in their Age Pension of $5,625pa under the income test. The 12-month delay is good news for Centrelink and Department of Veterans Affairs income support recipients; however, it will be interesting to see whether deeming rates increase substantially from 1 July 2025.

Support for renters: On 20 September 2024, the maximum Commonwealth Rent Assistance payment will increase by 10%, in addition to the regular half-yearly indexation. Rent Assistance may be available for people who pay rent and receive certain payments from Services Australia.

More work flexibility for carers: From 20 March 2025, Carer Payment recipients will be able to work up to 100 hours at any time in a four-week period without losing their payment. This is known as the ‘participation limit’ and it is currently a maximum of 25 hours every week. Also, travel time, education and volunteering activities will no longer count towards the participation limit; only actual hours worked.

More home care packages: An additional 24,100 home care packages will be made available in 2024/25. These packages will provide ongoing care to help older Australians to stay in their homes for longer.

Business taxation

Instant asset write-off extended: Small businesses with a turnover less than $10 million will be able to claim an immediate tax deduction for the full cost of eligible assets costing less than $20,000 for another 12 months until 30 June 2025. The $20,000 threshold applies to each eligible asset purchased. Also, the asset must be first used or installed ready for use between 1 July 2024 and 30 June 2025.

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